History of the City of London

London, the best city in the world was founded in 50AD by the Romans and almost 2000 years on it is still standing strong. The name London originates from the Celtic word, Londinios which means land of the bold one. In 43 AD the Romans built the first bridge across the river Thames linking both North and South London.

Throughout history, London has played host to some horrific scenes. From the bubonic plague to the great fire, this historical city has stood the test of time and is now the bustling metropolitan heart of Europe.

in 61 AD Queen Boudicca stormed into London with her army with the intention of defeating the ruling Roman army. There was no attempt made to defend the city and most of it ended up burned to the ground. The levelling of the city paved the way for bricks and mortar buildings to be erected although many dwellings retained wood as the main building component. At the end of the second century, a solid stone wall standing 20ft high was built around the city to protect it from future invaders.

During the medieval age, London expanded rapidly and many streets were named after the traders that lived in them and by the end of the medieval period, London's population stood at 70,000.

By the 15th century, the population has reached a quarter of a million and London was rapidly expanding. Outbreaks of the bubonic plague killed many people, but numbers always rebounded quickly and did not appear to damage the growth of the city.

In the 17th century houses built around squares started to be constructed and the quality of accommodation improved for those who had money. London continued to be the heart of England and the majority of food, drink and fabrics were produced there. The major port of London enabled exotic goods to be imported into the city and the rise of the coffee house occurred at this time.

In the late 1800's the population was just shy of 1 million.  In 1834 the houses of parliament were destroyed by fire and when they were rebuilt, the new building included the now world famous Big Ben. Big ben is actually the name of the bell contained inside the clock tower, but it is now better known as the tower itself.

During the 1940's, London was hit hard by the second world war and its underground tube was used as a shelter from the bombs raining down on the city. After the war, much of London was levelled and rebuilt, erasing much of the history that it had generated in its time. Newer buildings replaced many dwellings and gardens became a major fixture in most city homes.

Modern London is the financial hub of the world and is home to over 140 nationalities from across the world. The city now has a population of 8.67 million and continues to evolve and grow without any signs of slowing down.

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